The Lizard Peninsula in Cornwall marks the most southern point in England. It is an area of outstanding natural beauty, with an abundance of wildlife, punctuated with tiny fishing villages and amazing views. The Lizard is bounded by seas on three sides, and the river Helford to the north east.
View The Lizard in a larger map
See this page for a list of Holiday Cottages in the Lizard
Recent wildlife successes include the re-introduction of the Cornish Chough to the area. The Chough look similar to crows, but they have brightly coloured red beaks and legs. According to the RSPB site the Choughs had suffered a long decline due to loss of habitat and persecution, and disappeared from England in 1973. However in 2001 there was a influx of wild choughs, and three stayed on in the Lizard. These original birds, have successfully bred, raising 32 young to date. The RSBP web site has more information on the Cornwall Chough Project.
On the southerly tip is a popular tourist destination, the Lizard Lighthouse. There has been a lighthouse at Lizard point since 1619, when Sir John Killigrew applied for a patent to put a light on a tower. He funded the cost of the tower himself, but was unable to maintain it, and the tower was demolished. The current twin towers were built in 1751.
The geology of the area is of much interest, for example serpentine, a green rock, pushed up deep from the earths core, is found in the area. Around Kynance cove flora such as the “bloody cransebill” flourish in the magnesium rich soil around the rock.
The main town to the north is Helston. The district south of Helston is called Meneage, which means “ a low plant ( heath), of which brooms are made”are made”. Helston was once a bustling river port and Stannary rown. Helston is and ideal stopover for shopping ( with the main supermarkets being nearby, and a variety of shops and services available in the town itself ). There are plenty of pubs in the town, and it’s well worth a visit to the famous Blue Anchor Inn, where Spingo Ales are brewed on site. The Blue Anchor is one of the oldest Inns in Britain, and has been brewing for 600 years !
As well as being steeped in Cornish history, and idyllic coves, the Lizard also hosts the Goonhilly Earth Station. The large satellites, erected by British telecom were at the forefront of communications when they were first launched. The first satellite dish went live in 1962, however the station is not currently operational, and the visitor centre is now closed.
Announcements were made in early 2011 that the station is to be sold to become space science centre.
There are many picturesque villages, coves and beaches that you should visit whilst on the Lizard, including :-
Cadgwith – Picturesque fishing village
Gunwalloe – where a 1785 ship ran around carrying gold coins.
Mullion Cove – with its harbour wall